Dimensi Judicial Activism dalam Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi


DIMENSI JUDICIAL ACTIVISM DALAM PUTUSAN MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI

 *Diterbitkan di Jurnal Konstitusi, Vol. 13, No. 2, Juni 2016, hlm. 406-430

jurnal-konstitusiAbstrak: Perubahan transformatif terhadap Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 telah membentuk suatu institusi pengadilan yang dikenal dengan Mahkamah Konstitusi. Lembaga ini dipercaya dalam menjalankan peran yang strategis dalam sistem pluralisme hukum Indonesia, khususnya di ranah pengujian konstitusionalitas undang-undang dan perlindungan hak konstitusional. Namun demikian, performa Mahkamah Konstitusi juga telah terlepas dari kontroversi. Hal tersebut muncul karena Mahkamah Konstitusi dinilai memberikan perhatian pada paradigma sosiologi hukum yang lebih mengedepankan keadilan substantif, namun sedikit memberikan pengakuan terhadap keadilan prosedural. Kritik utama terhadap Mahkamah Konsitusi ditujukan terhadap sifat dasar Mahkamah yang dianggap telah masuk ke dalam praktik judicial activism. Tulisan ini membahas mengenai dimensi judicial activism yang digunakan oleh Mahkamah Konstitusi sebagai dasar untuk melindungi hak konstitusional warga negara melalui putusan-putusannya. Selain itu, tulisan ini juga menganalisa mengenai sejauh manajudicial activism dapat memperoleh justifikasi dalam proses pembuatan putusan di Mahkamah Konstitusi.

Kata Kunci: Aktivisme Yudisial, Demokrasi, Hak Konstitusional,  Judicial Activism, Mahkamah Konstitusi

Unduh: Klik di sini.

Dimensions of Judicial Activism in the Constitutional Court Decisions

*Published in Jurnal Konstitusi, Vol. 13, No. 2, June 2016, pp. 406-430

Abstract: A transformative amendment of the Indonesian Constitution established a separate judicial institution called the Constitutional Court. This institution is believed to serve a strategic role within Indonesia’s plural legal system particularly in the area of constitutional review and constitutional rights protection. However, the performance of the Constitutional Court has attracted controversy. This controversy arises because the Court is concerned with introducing a sociological paradigm of law that embraces substantive justice with a fluid acknowledgment of procedural justice. A key criticism of the Constitutional Court is that the nature of Court decisions has developed into a practice of judicial activism. This article discusses the dimension of judicial activism used by the Constitutional Court on the grounds for protecting constitutional rights of the citizens through its decisions. It also analyses the extent of judicial activism that can be justified in the decision-making process in the Constitutional Court.

Keywords: Constitutional Court, Constitutional Rights, Democracy, Judicial Activism

Download: Click here (Bahasa Indonesia).

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