CINDONESIA: Cina, India dan Indonesia (Bagian II)


CINDONESIA:
MEMBANGUN KEKUATAN TRIUMVIRAT ASIA
Oleh: Pan Mohamad Faiz

[ Dipresentasikan pada “International Indonesian Students Conference on Strategic Issues” di Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia pada tanggal 3-5 Mei 2008]

(Sambungan tulisan dari Bagian I)

IV. MENGEJAR LAJU CINDIA

1. Ekonomi

Bangkitnya perekonomian Cina dan India dapat kita golongkan sebagai gelombang kebangkitan negara-negara Asia setelah Jepang dan Korea. Perbedaan fundamental dari lahirnya kedua gelombang tersebut yaitu bangkitnya industri Jepang dan Korea pasca Perang Dunia II ditempuh melalui dorongan ekspor, sedangkan bagi Cina dan India lebih banyak dipengaruhi oleh masuknya investasi asing yang begitu besar. Pola ekspor ke luar negeri merupakan strategi yang sangat penting manakala suatu negara tidak mempunyai pasar domestik yang mencukupi. Oleh karenanya, bagi Cina maupun India yang memiliki pasar domestik terbesar di dunia, mereka mencoba untuk lebih memanfaatkan potensi tersebut sebagai titik pangkal dalam membangun perekonomiannya.[1]

Cindia yang baru saja memulai perjalanan panjangnya kini menyandang gelar sebagai “laboratorium dunia”, dengan Cina sebagai laboratorium manufaktur dan India sebagai laboratorium jasa serta pelayanan IT. Namun demikian, sebagaimana negara-negara industri maju yang telah ada sebelumnya, seiring berjalanannya waktu Cina akan segera mengalihkan kegiatan manufakturnya dengan cara outsourcing kepada negara-negara ekonomi berkembang lainnya di Asia Tenggara, Karibia, Afrika, ataupun Eropa Timur. Salah satu yang sudah terjadi yaitu ketika Haier mulai membangun aplikasinya di Indonesia, Malaysia dan Yugoslavia, serta Shanghai Baosteel yang mulai melakukan operasinya di Brasil. Sementara itu, produk-produk manufaktur tekstil Cina juga telah dialihkan ke negara-negara Afrika. [2]

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Cindonesia: Cina, India, dan Indonesia (Bagian I)


CINDONESIA:
MEMBANGUN KEKUATAN TRIUMVIRAT ASIA

Oleh: Pan Mohamad Faiz
Abstrak:

Negara Cina dan India (Cindia) kini telah diakui oleh banyak pihak sebagai pemain kunci dalam era globalisasi yang secara tidak langsung telah pula merubah wajah baru Asia. Kedua negara tersebut diprediksi akan mengambil alih posisi utama sebagai dua negara dengan perekonomian terkuat di masa mendatang. Bangkitnya Cindia merupakan suatu hal yang fenomenal, menggembirakan, namun juga mencemaskan bagi negara-negara dunia. Dalam waktu yang bersamaan, keberhasilan mereka dalam mengelola kebijakan negara dengan karakternya masing-masing, telah terbukti mengangkat ratusan juta rakyatnya dari garis kemiskinan. Meskipun masih diselimuti berbagai persoalan mendasar di dalam negerinya, Cindia tetap mampu menari elok di panggung internasional. Untuk menjadi macan Asia berikutnya, Indonesia harus memetik pelajaran berharga dan mengambil energi positif dari setiap langkah keberhasilan mereka.

Kata Kunci: Asia, Cina, India, Indonesia, Hubungan Internasional

Indonesian Youth Pledge


CONTEMPORARY YOUTH MOVEMENT AND ITS CHALLENGES
by
Pan Mohamad Faiz (New Delhi) and
Haghia Sophia Lubis (Boston)

On October 28, 1928, Indonesian youth nationalists from all over the country proclaimed a historic Youth Pledge, known as “Sumpah Pemuda”, for a unity of homeland, nation and language. This pledge helped Indonesia’s unification in Indonesia’s struggle for Independence. Ever since then, the Youth Pledge has been the quintessential symbol marking youth’s role and involvement in a nation building and development.

As a youth, and as an Indonesian, one could not help but to question whether any development has occur within the youth’s movement in the past 79 years. In evaluating this situation, we shall first analyze the challenges faced by each youth movement. This analysis is needed because the characteristic of a youth’s movement is largely intertwined with the challenges faced by such movement. Hence a comparative analysis on the characterization of the youth’s movement and its challenges before and after 1928 has to be employed.

Youth’s movement before the year of 1928 faces the challenge of colonialism and the repression of any freedom, particularly for any freedom of expression and right to education. This challenge is not only faced by Indonesian youth movement, but almost any other movement in any colonized territory. Specifically in Indonesia, the youth movement is characterized with segregation. This character is due to nature of multicultural Indonesia which is comprised more than 300 ethic groups and 200 different languages that stretch across 1,919,440 km². Along with this nature is the divide et impera’s politic employed by the Dutch colonialism.

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Indonesia Becomes UN Security Council Members


INDONESIA WILL BE THE KEY PLAYER
TO INTERNATIONAL PEACE
By: Pan Mohamad Faiz
Good news comes from New York, U.S. where the United Nation located. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) announced last Monday that Indonesia had become a nonpermanent member of the Security Council (SC) for two-year terms starting 1 January 2007. Indonesia’s strongest competitor in that race to represent Asia was Nepal, following the sudden withdrawal of South Korea last month.

As one of Indonesian citizens I shall proud to my lovely country, because become the member of UNSC it means that Indonesia will get an acknowledgment from world nations that can play a key role in maintaining global peace, security and stability.

The main reasons why mostly of UN Countries voted Indonesia become SC member because Indonesia has played a significant role in maintaining peace and security at both the regional and global levels and Indonesia is also a developing country that is the world’s third largest democratic state, with a moderate vision, and the fourth largest state by population that warrants representation in the Security Council.

Being a peacekeeper country is a fundamental principle in the conduct of Indonesian foreign policy which has been mandated in Indonesian Preamble of the 1945 Constitution that Indonesia have to actively participate in the maintenance of international peace and security.

As we know that the international geopolitical situation in the last few years has been tinted with the growing use or threat of force. Pre-emptive unilateral actions are eroding the painstakingly built paradigm of multilateralism. Discrimination and double standards are on the rise. Therefore, it is urgently required that a moderate voice promoting multilateralism and dialog should resonate again inside the hallowed chambers of the Security Council.

The big advantages when Indonesia becomes the SC member that Indonesia had a very independent foreign policy, had no state enemies and had close relations with major powers, Asia, and all SC members. It will be strong diplomatic assets, which will allow the country to act as a bridge to promote international peace and stability.

The participation of Indonesia in the Security Council during the next two years will promote not only its national interests, but also the interests of other developing countries in the maintenance of international peace and security, in accordance with the UN charter and international law.

That’s why to fulfill its role in Security Council Indonesia should work closely with South Africa and Guatemala, along with the remaining elected members, Congo, Ghana, Peru and Qatar, all members of the Non Aligned Movement (NAM), to consolidate the views of the developing countries.

In another way, as a leading member of the Organization of Islamic Countries and the nation with the world’s largest Muslim population, Indonesia can play a significant role in issues related to the Middle East, particularly the simmering question of the Palestinian occupied territory which is the prominent issues in the UNSC agenda as well as the latest tensions on the Korean peninsula crisis in the drama over North Korea’s nuclear program.

It should be remembered, however, that at the Security Council the five permanent members hold supreme power with their veto right. Like it or not, the United States also remains the sole global superpower. For the latest example, the prospect of Venezuela gaining membership to the Security Council was worrying for major powers, especially the United States, due to Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez has set himself up as one of the most outspoken opponents of U.S. President George W. Bush’s administration. Because of that Venezuela hadn’t elected as a member of UNSC. To anticipate the same condition and situation inside the SC forum, however, Indonesia and others member can do is actively contributed to the enhancement of multilateral cooperation in countering the U.S. negative domination.

Constructive cooperation, not confrontation, provides the best chance for Indonesia to help in the creation of a better world. This can only be achieved if Indonesia sets a good example for the world, especially for the third world countries.

Godspeed and Glorious Indonesia…!