Urgensitas Perubahan Kelima UUD 1945

URGENSITAS PERUBAHAN KELIMA UUD 1945

Pan Mohamad Faiz

(Artikel pendek diterbitkan dalam Buku “75 Tahun Indonesia: Pemuda dan Pikirannya untuk Indonesia” (2020) diterbitkan oleh Jaringan Alumni Luar Negeri/JALAR)

Setiap tanggal 18 Agustus, Indonesia kini memperingati “Hari Konstitusi” yang didasarkan pada Keputusan Presiden Nomor 18 Tahun 2008. Peringatan ini merujuk pada momentum 75 tahun silam ketika disahkannya Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 oleh Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (PPKI) pada 18 Agustus 1945. Dalam perspektif teori hukum tata negara, konstitusi merupakan sumber hukum tertinggi di suatu negara yang mengatur berbagai hal fundamental mengenai komposisi dan fungsi lembaga negara serta hubungan antara negara dengan warganya.

Berdasarkan lintasan sejarah ketatanegaraan, UUD 1945 pernah digantikan dengan Konstitusi RIS 1949 dan UUD Sementara 1950, sebelum akhirnya kembali lagi pada UUD 1945 pasca Konstituante dibubarkan melalui Dekrit Presiden 1959. Setelah era reformasi bergulir, UUD 1945 yang selama Orde Baru terkesan disakralkan akhirnya diubah. Alasannya, UUD 1945 tidak memiliki fondasi yang kuat untuk membangun pemerintahan demokratis. Selain itu, perlindungan dan jaminan hak asasi manusia bagi warga negara dirasa masih sangat lemah.

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The Indonesian Constitutional Court Decisions as a Social Engineer in Improving People’s Welfare

INDONESIAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT DECISIONS AS A SOCIAL ENGINEER IN IMPROVING PEOPLE’S WELFARE

(Paper published in Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Recent Innovations (ICRI, 2018), pages 165-170)

Abstract

One of the national goals of the establishment of the Indonesian state is to improve the people’s welfare. To support this achievement, the law comes to bring its functions as a social engineer. It means the law plays a role in influencing the occurrence of a social change in a planned manner to achieve prosperity. The Constitutional Court decision is one of the sources of law that is expected to improve people’s welfare. This article aims to analyze the Constitutional Court decisions that have significant implications for maintaining and improving the people’s welfare in Indonesia. The methodology used in this research is a normative juridical with library research and case study approaches on decisions declared by the Constitutional Court in the last five years (2013-2018). This study found that there are socioeconomic rights of citizens that have been protected and restored by the Constitutional Court. These erga omnes decisions indirectly contributed to the improvement of the people’s welfare, in particular regarding the rights of a pension fund, a minimum wage and severance pay. This article concludes that an effort to maintain and improve the people’s welfare in Indonesia can also be enforced effectively through a social engineering based on the Constitutional Court decisions.

Keywords: Constitutional Court, People’s Welfare, Social Engineering, Socio-Economic RIghts

* Read more or download the paper here.