Constitutional Review (CONSREV) is an international law journal published by Center for Research and Case Analysis and Library Management of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia. The fundamental aim of this journal is to disseminate research, conceptual analysis, and other writings which focus on constitutional issues.
In this first edition of Year 2018, six articles are presented by legal and constitutional scholars from various universities, as follows:
“Filling the Hole in Indonesia’s Constitutional System: Constitutional Courts and the Review of Regulations in a Split Jurisdiction” by Professor Tim Lindsey (Melbourne Law School). DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/consrev412.
“Proportionality Test in the 1945 Constitution: Limiting Hizbut Tahrir Freedom of Assembly” by Giri Ahmad Taufik (Griffith Law School). DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/consrev413.
“Revisiting Liberal Democracy and Asian Values in Contemporary Indonesia” by Muhammad Bahrul Ulum and Nilna Aliyan Hamida (University of Jember). DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/consrev415.
“The Obligation of the Constitutional Court of Indonesia to Give Consideration in the Process of Dissolution of Societal Organizations” by Putra Perdana Ahmad Saifulloh (Bhayangkara University). DOI: https://doi.org/10.31078/consrev416.
The Editors expect that this issue might give some new insight, judgement, and understanding on constitutions, constitutional court decisions, and constitutional issues in broader nature to our readers. The full issue of this edition can also be downloaded here: https://bit.ly/2xv7LrU. Please feel free to share with others.
LEGAL PROBLEMS OF DUALISM OF JUDICIAL REVIEW SYSTEM IN INDONESIA
* Published in Jurnal Dinamika Hukum, Vol. 16, No. 2, May 2016, pp. 187-195
Abstract: Indonesia implements dualism of judicial review system because there are two different judicial institutions that are granted the authority to review laws and regulations, namely the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court. This research aims to analyse the problems caused by the dualism of judicial review system. It found two main legal problems of the current system. First, there is an inconsistency of decisions concerning judicial review cases for the same legal issues decided by the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court. Second, there is no mechanism to review the constitutionality of People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR) decisions and regulations under the level of law. Based on these findings, this research suggests that the authority to review all laws and regulations should be integrated under the jurisdiction of the Constitutional Court.
Keywords: Constitutional Court, Constitutional Review, Judicial Review, Indonesian Legal System
A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT PROCESS AND TENURE OF CONSTITUTIONAL JUSTICE IN INDONESIA
* Published in Hasanuddin Law Review, Vol. 2, Issue 2, August 2016, pp. 152-169
Abstract: The judicial appointment process is one of essential elements for maintaining judicial independence and public confidence of a court. This article analyses the practices of judicial appointment process exercised by three different main state institutions in selecting constitutional justice in Indonesia where the mechanism and process for selecting them have been implemented differently. It also examines the tenure of constitutional justice, which is a five-year term and can be renewed for one term only, that may lead to another problem concerning the reselection process of incumbent constitutional justices for their second term. The article concludes that the judicial appointment process and tenure of constitutional justice in Indonesia have to be improved. It suggests that if the proposing state institutions could not meet the principles of transparency, participation, objective and accountable required by the Constitutional Court Law, the judicial appointment process should be conducted by creating an independent Selection Committee or establishing a cooperation with the Judicial Commission. Additionally, the tenure of constitutional justices should also be revised for a unrenewable term with a longer period of nine or twelve years.
THE PROTECTION OF CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS BY THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF INDONESIA
* Published in Indonesia Law Review, Vol 6, No. 2, August 2016, pp. 159-179
Abstract: One of important mechanisms considered effective to protect civil and political rights of the citizens in Indonesia is constitutional review. This mechanism was created after the constitutional reform by establishing the new Constitutional Court in 2003 as an independent and separate court from the Supreme Court. This article examines the development of human rights guaranteed in the Indonesian Constitution. It also provides a critical analysis of the Constitutional Court’s role in protecting civil and political rights in Indonesia through its landmark decisions on five categories, namely: (1) freedom of assembly and association; (2) freedom of opinion, speech and expression; (3) freedom of religion; (4) right to life; and (5) due process of law. This research was conducted based on qualitative research methodology. It used a non-doctrinal approach by researching the socio-political impacts of the Constitutional Court’s decisions. Although there are still inconsistencies in its decisions, the research concludes that the Constitutional Court has taken a step forward for a better protection of civil and political rights in Indonesia that never existed prior to the reform.
Keywords: Civil and Political Rights, Constitutional Court, Human Rights, Indonesian Constitution